The report titled “Employment in Poland 2030 – Labour in the age of innovation” was commissioned by the Human Resources Development Centre and the Ministry of Labour and Social Policy. Its authors are analysts from Warsaw Institute for Economic Studies and Institute for Structural Research. The publication was devoted to the assessment of structural changes in Poland and other EU and OECD countries, and their impact on labor markets. The report was divided into four parts. The first part of the report, titled “Labour demand and the challenges of restructuring” concerns the changes in the quantity and composition of labor demand in reaction to restructuring processes taking place in the economy in the long run. Apart from analyzing past tendencies, we present a projection of labor demand in Poland and other EU countries. The second part (“Labour supply in the face of ageing”) contains the analysis of the effects demographic change has on the changes in the structure of labor supply in Poland and other EU and OECD countries, with emphasis on how educational structure of labor supply evolves over time (including a forecast of labor supply). The third part (“Work in the green economy”) is focused on the possible impacts of reconstructing the growth model into a more environment-friendly one. In the fourth part (“Time of technologies – work and labor market institutions in the XXI century”) we describe the challenges for labour market from the development of ICT technologies, including the institutional perspective that touches on the possible role of labour market institutions, educational policy and innovation support policy. The report ends with recommendations for public policies.